I needed to upgrade from Python 2.6 to 2.7 and ran into a few issues along the way. Learn from my encounters below.
# Upgrading Python
Installing the new version of Python is really quick. Python.org publishes a .dmg installer that does just about everything for you. Let me repeat “Just about everything”.
You’ll need to do 2 things once you install the dmg, however the installer only mentions the first item below:
1. Run “/Applications/Python 2.x/Update Shell Command”. This will update your .bash_profile to look in “/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.x/bin” first.
2. After you run the app above, in a NEW terminal window do the following:
* Check to see you’re running the new python with `python –version` or `which python`
* once you’re running the new python, re-install anything that installed an executable in bin. THIS INCLUDES SETUPTOOLS , PIP , and VIRTUALENV
It’s that second thing that caught me. I make use of virtualenv a lot, and while I was building new virtualenvs for some projects I realized that my installs were building against `virtualenv` and `setuptools` from the stock Apple install in “/Library/Python/2.6/site-packages” , and not the new Python.org install in “/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/site-packages”.
It’s worth nothing that if you install setuptools once you’ve upgraded to the Python.org distribution, it just installs into the “/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework” directory — leaving the stock Apple version untouched (basically, you can roll back at any time).
# Installing Mysql-Python (or the ruby gem) against MAMP
I try to stay away from Mysql as much as I can [ i <3 PostgreSQL ], but occasionally I need to run it: when I took over at TheDailyBeast.com, they were midway through a relaunch on Rails , and I have a few consulting clients who are on Django.
I tried to run cinderella a while back ( http://www.atmos.org/cinderella/ ) but ran into too many issues. Instead of going with MacPorts or Homebrew, I've opted to just use MAMP ( http://www.mamp.info/en/index.html )
There's a bit of a problem though - the persons who are responsible for the MAMP distribution decided to clear out all the mysql header files, which you need in order to build the Python and Ruby modules.
You have 2 basic options:
1. Download the "MAMP_components" zip (155MB) , and extract the mysql source files. i often used to do this, but the Python module needed a compiled lib and I was lazy so...
2. Download the tar.gz version of Mysql compiled for OSX from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/
Whichever option you choose, the next steps are generally the same:
## Copy The Files
### Where to copy the files ?
mysql_config is your friend. at least the MAMP one is.
Make sure you can call the right mysql_config, and it'll tell you where the files you copy should be stashed. Since we're building against MAMP we need to make sure we're referencing MAMP's mysql_config
iPod:~jvanasco$ which myqsl_config
Usage: /Applications/MAMP/Library/bin/mysql_config [OPTIONS]
–cflags [-I/Applications/MAMP/Library/include/mysql -fno-omit-frame-pointer -D_P1003_1B_VISIBLE -DSIGNAL_WITH_VIO_CLOSE -DSIGNALS_DONT_BREAK_READ -DIGNORE_SIGHUP_SIGQUIT -DDONT_DECLARE_CXA_PURE_VIRTUAL]
–libs [-L/Applications/MAMP/Library/lib/mysql -lmysqlclient -lz -lm]
–libs_r [-L/Applications/MAMP/Library/lib/mysql -lmysqlclient_r -lz -lm]
–libmysqld-libs [-L/Applications/MAMP/Library/lib/mysql -lmysqld -ldl -lz -lm]
Into /Applications/MAMP/include you need to place the mysql include files into a subdirectory called “mysql”
mkdir -P /Applications/MAMP/Library/include
cp -Rp MySQL-Distribution/include /Applications/MAMP/Library/include/mysql
Into /Applications/MAMP/Library/lib you need to place the mysql lib files
mkdir -P /Applications/MAMP/Library/include
cp -Rp MySQL-Distribution/lib /Applications/MAMP/Library/lib/mysql
## Configure the Env / Installers
Note: if you’re installing for a virtualenv, this needs to be done after it’s been activated.
Set the archflags on the commandline:
export ARCHFLAGS="-arch $(uname -m)"
### Python Module
I found that the only way to install the module is by downloading the source ( off sourceforge! ).
I edited site.cfg to have this line:
mysql_config = /Applications/MAMP/Library/bin/mysql_config
Basically, you just need to tell mysql to use the MAMP version of mysql_config to figure everything out itself.
the next steps are simply:
python setup.py build
python setup.py install
If you get any errors, pay close attention to the first few lines.
If you see something like the following within the first 10-30 lines, it means the various files we placed in the step above are not where the installer wants them to be:
_mysql.c:36:23: error: my_config.h: No such file or directory
_mysql.c:38:19: error: mysql.h: No such file or directory
_mysql.c:39:26: error: mysqld_error.h: No such file or directory
_mysql.c:40:20: error: errmsg.h: No such file or directory
If you look up a few lines, you might see something like this:
building '_mysql' extension
gcc-4.0 -fno-strict-aliasing -fno-common -dynamic -g -O2 -DNDEBUG -g -O3 -arch i386 -Dversion_info=(1,2,3,'final',0) -D__version__=1.2.3 -I/Applications/MAMP/Library/include/mysql -I/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/include/python2.7 -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.5-i386-2.7/_mysql.o -fno-omit-frame-pointer -D_P1003_1B_VISIBLE -DSIGNAL_WITH_VIO_CLOSE -DSIGNALS_DONT_BREAK_READ -DIGNORE_SIGHUP_SIGQUIT -DDONT_DECLARE_CXA_PURE_VIRTUAL
note how we see “/Applications/MAMP/Library/include/mysql” in there. When I quickly followed some instructions online that had all the files in /include — and not in that subdir — this error popped up. Once I changed the directory structure to match what my mysql_config wanted, the package installed perfectly.
### Ruby Gem
Assuming you’re using bundler:
bundle config build.mysql
and then before you do a `bundle install` , set the env vars
> export ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64"
> export ARCHFLAGS="-arch $(uname -m)"
## Test it
If things install nicely, lets make sure it works…
$ipod:~ jvanasco$ python
>>> import _mysql
Oh , crap:
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg/_mysql.py", line 7, in
File "build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg/_mysql.py", line 6, in __bootstrap__
ImportError: dlopen(/Users/jvanasco/.python-eggs/MySQL_python-1.2.3-py2.7-macosx-10.5-i386.egg-tmp/_mysql.so, 2): Library not loaded: libmysqlclient.18.dylib
Referenced from: /Users/jvanasco/.python-eggs/MySQL_python-1.2.3-py2.7-macosx-10.5-i386.egg-tmp/_mysql.so
Reason: image not found
Basically what’s happening is that as you run it, mysql_python drops a shared object in your userspace. That shared object is referencing the location that the Mysql.org distribution placed all the library files — which differs from where we placed them in MAMP.
There’s a quick fix — add this to your bash profile, or run it before starting mysql/your app:
There are too many posts on this subject matter to thank. A lot of people posted variations of this method – to which I’m very grateful – however no one addressed troubleshooting the Python process , which is why I posted this.
I also can’t stress the simple fact that if the MAMP distribution contained the header and built library files, none of this would be necessary.